In this section, you can access to the latest technical information related to the FUTURE project topic.
The need for bio-based carbon in a sustainable future ? Studies on support to R&I policy in the area of bio-based products and services - Bio-based News -
Carbon is the basis for a multitude of processes on our planet, many of them as parts of human economic activities. However, in a time, when ?decarbonisation? is on everybody?s lips as the solution to the climate crisis, it seems almost ironical to run a project on ?carbon economy?. What were the reasons behind this focus and what are the objectives achieved?
Visuals and PDF file in English available at: www.nova-institute.eu/press/?id=271
Contrary to the energy sector, there are several sectors which cannot be decarbonised. These are the food and feed sectors as well as chemical and material sectors. Proteins, fats and carbohydrates contain carbon; organic chemistry is defined by the use of carbon and cannot be decarbonised; also, all usages of wood for example will always be based on carbon. In the context of the climate crisis, one needs to be more specific and say that fossil carbon is the problem. Bio-based carbon from plant and animal sources ? constituting the bioeconomy ? as well as other renewable carbon sources can constitute a viable alternative to fossil carbon.
COWI (DK) and nova-Institute (DE), supported by University of Utrecht (NL), have recently finished a study for the European Commission (DG RTD) that aimed at exploring the role and potential of renewable carbon in our economy towards mitigating climate change.
The study addressed the question, how much carbon is needed in Europe in 2050 and how it can be provided sustainably. For the first time, a comprehensive and holistic mapping of carbon flows on a global and European level has been conducted to create a solid knowledge base. Future scenarios for the European demand and supply have been explored, showing how carbon flows can be designed more sustainably and circular, reducing the dependence on fossil carbon sources. Furthermore, current legislative drivers and barriers for the realisation of such an economy have been identified and promising innovations and novel technologies have been evaluated. Besides, hands-on case studies of ten cities and regions have been conducted to discover, how urban biowaste and waste-water sludge can be utilised in a circular bioeconomy to make high-value products.
The results and the knowledge will be shared on various channels ? for experts as well as general public. Key messages summarise the main outcomes of the study:
Graphic 1: Flows of organic carbon within the EU-27 economy
Graphic 2 : Annual carbon demand in the EU-27 energy sector by 2050 and 2018 for comparison, separated by carbon source. Carbon required to produce E-Fuels separately highlighted.
Figure 3: Carbon demand for food, feed and material in EU-27 2018 and by 2050 for both scenarios
A short explanation video was produced, illustrating the flow of organic carbon caused by a human being (www.youtube.com/watch?v=l3Yh1H7UVO4).
For questions about the project, please contact the coordinator Mr Tomasz Kowalczewski at COWI (TOKL@cowi.com).
Project financed by European Commission funds based on the Contract Number 2018/RTD/F2/OP/PP-07281/2018 /
This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of thein formation contained therein.
Source: nova-Institute GmbH, 21-05-18
» Publication Date: 18/05/2021
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